As an ESL, I usually wonder: “how many words I need to know to speak English well?”. I read somewhere that you don’t need more than 2,000 words to carry out 99% of daily conversations. 2,000 words don’t seem to be a lot and if I can learn 10 words a day, I can be conversational in any language in just 200 days (less than a year).
So, what if I want to enjoy the novels, books in English, how many words I need to know.
I doubt the number would be a lot more than 2,000 words.
So I made a tool to read all the text in a book (you can select more than one book in .pdf or .txt format) and it will export all the words in that book into a table.
for Wuthering Heights, you need to know 9,456 words.
That’s a lot of words.
The numbers aren’t 100% correct. There are some gibberish such as website address, two letter (like country codes) may get in the list. However, you can roughly estimate that there are 95% of the numbers are real words.
I find that this is a good way to quickly find out new words that I don’t know. I can click on the words to get the definition (if available) on the right.
You can download the program here for free. If you have any suggestion, please let me know.
Installing WordPress themes, plugins seems to be a simple task, even for beginner. However, due to the fact that there are many hosting providers out there and each of them have a different configuration, installing a new theme or plugin on your WordPress may not be straightforward.
Most of the time, you can install a theme or plugin by uploading the .zip file inside your site dashboard.
To install a plugin you may follow the following steps:
Go to Plugins->Add New
Click on Upload Plugin
Select your plugin .zip file and click on Install now
Wait for the installation process to complete and click on Activate Plugin
The same steps can be applied to installing a theme, though, there are some differences:
Go to Appearance->Themes
Click on Add new
Click on Upload Theme
Select your theme .zip file and click on Install now
Wait for the installation process to complete and click on Activate Theme
However, there is a very common problem WordPress users have when using this method is the hosting provider may put a limit on file upload size, which, less than the size of the plugin’s or theme’s zip file.
For example, your host has a 2MB limit on file upload and your theme zip file is 3MB.
In this case, uploading the theme inside your dashboard will result in a failure.
Fortunately, if your host have CPanel, you can install the plugin/theme easily.
How to install WordPress plugins/themes using CPanel
What are the benefits of installing plugins, themes using CPanel?
The biggest benefit is you don’t have to worry about upload file limit. Secondly, you can upload a zip file and then extract in on your site later. This feature can save you a lot of time in comparison to using FTP. When uploading the plugins/themes via FTP, you cannot upload a zip file then upload in the FTP client. If you install the plugin/theme using FTP, you need to extract it first before uploading. If your theme/plugin has a lot of files (even though they may be small), you will have to wait for a very long time.
Now let’s get started with installing plugins/themes using CPanel
Step 1: Login to your CPanel
The first thing is to to login to your CPanel. In the image below, I’m in HostGator CPanel. Your CPanel dashboard may look a bit different if your CPanel version is different than mine. However, you will have no problem finding File Manager. You can press Ctrl + F ( or Command + F if you are on a Mac) and type in “File Manager” to locate it.
Step 2: Go to File Manager and locate your site’s folder
Your site’s folder usually have the same name as your domain name. In the picture below, I’m going to the folder of my site called excelautocomplete.com
Step 3: Go to wp-content/plugins or wp-content/themes
Now, if you double click on your site’s folder, you will see something similar to this. There are many files and folders but you only need to pay attention to one folder called wp-content
Double click on that folder you will see a list of folders. Here, you will see two folders with the following names:
The names of those folders are self-explanatory. If you want to install a plugin, click on plugins folder. If you want to install a theme, click on themes folder. I’m going to install a theme so I’m going to click on the themes folder. You will see that there are one or more folders inside. The number of folders inside themes/plugins folder depends on the number of themes/plugin you have.
Step 4: Upload your zip file
Now, I’m inside the themes folder. I can start uploading the theme zip file. Please make sure your theme is in a zip file. If you have extracted it to a folder, please compress it back to a zip file.
Now, click on the upload button in your CPanel
You will see a new tab opened:
Now, select your theme .zip file and wait until the upload complete:
In this example, I’m select the theme sydney.
The upload is complete. Now, we go back to the theme folder and hit reload button to see the zip file:
After that, you should see the zip file appears
Step 6: Extract your zip file
We can now right click on the zip file to see the context menu and select the option to extract the file.
Wait until the decompression completes, now, if you click on the reload link, you will see your new theme folder appears:
You can (and should) delete the zip file. To do that, simply click on that file (single click) and select the delete action at the top.
Step 7: Go to your site’s dashboard to activate the plugin/theme
Now, your theme is installed. The last thing to do is to go to your dashboard and activate it. Go to Appearance->Themes. You will see the new theme appears:
You can hover on that theme and see the option to activate it:
Now, you have your new theme installed and activated. You can do the same with a plugin. However, instead of going to Appearance->Themes, you need to click on Plugins and find the new plugin in your list of plugins and click on Activate.
So, that’s how you install plugins/themes using CPanel. If you have any questions, please leave a comment below.
Configuring grunt to compile sass, scss file is quite simple and straightforward. However, as I use the recent version 1.01, the task just hangs without doing any compiling. I’ve tried using grunt-contrib-sass and grunt-sass without any luck.
What’s the solution
I’ve spent hours searching for solution on Google but couldn’t find one. So, I came up with an idea: why do I have to rely on grunt? Using sass directly in the command line is very simple and the task completes quite quickly.
How do I set up?
The setup is very simple, you can write the following code in the command line to compile a sass/scss file to css file.
I want to watch a folder with many files, what should I do?
Honestly, if you watch changes from a folder contains many files, sass may take a long time to compile to .css file. This is why I only watch changes on a few .scss files which import other partials. When I want to compile to .css file, I simply go to that file and add a space.
This strategy will save your computer from compiling sass all the time. On old computer, you may hear the fans’ noise constantly.
With the new version of WordPress, adding HTML to a sidebar widget is easy. In this post, I will show you step by step instructions to put MailChimp form into your sidebar. You can do this with other email marketing services too. The key is to get the HTML code of your form.
The step by step guide
Step 1: Login to your account
First of all, please login to your MailChimp account
Here, I’m in my account dashboard. Now, look at the top menu, you will see a menu item called Lists. Click on that.
Step 2: Select your list
A list is a collection of your subscribers. For example, you are a sleep instructor. Your audience are interested in sleep training. However, instead of putting all the people in one big list, you can split them into multiple lists to make it easier to manage. Here, as you can see I have two lists: Time Management Tips and Software. I select the Time Management Tips list.
Now, notice that at the right side of each list, you will see a dropdown, click on that and select Signup forms.
Step 3: Get the HTML code of your form
Here, you will see the form editor. You can add or subtract the fields if you need to. Then, copy the part under the title Copy/Paste onto your site
Step 4: Go to your Widget area
You may go to this area before. It’s under Appearance->Widgets
Step 5: Add a custom HTML widget to your sidebar
Your theme could have one or more places for you to put the widgets. Those areas called sidebars (though sometimes you will see they appear at the footer). As you can see in my site here, I have one sidebar at the left and 4 areas in the footer.
I’m going to drag and drop a Custom HTML into the sidebar.
Step 6: Put the HTML code of your form into the widget
Now simply paste the HTML code into the Content box. You can give it a title (it will display as a h3 above your form). I don’t put anything this time.
Now click on Save and then Done.
Step 7: See your form
As you can see, the form is now on the left sidebar.
Visual Composer is a very popular plugin to visually create your content. There are many widgets, components in the plugin. In addition, there are other plugins that add more functionalities and widgets to Visual Composer make it the love of many WordPress users.
However, Visual Composer can only be used on regular pages/posts. If you want to use it to create content for your category page, you are out of luck. Visual composer doesn’t support creating content for the category page.
In case you don’t know where to put content on your category, here it is:
As you can see, there is a text editor for you to put the content, descriptions for the category but that’s it. There is no visual composer editor available.
So, how can you enable visual composer in the category page?
Meet the plan
Our plan is quite simple. Instead of putting the content directly into the editor of the category page, we will create a draft post and then display the content of that draft post as the content of the category page.
Why a draft post?
Because you don’t want your visitor to see this post since it’s not a independent post by itself. The sole purpose of this post is to contain the content for the category page.
As a post, you can use all the features of Visual Composer to compose its content.
Let’s look at a diagram, shall we?
Now, let’s get to the step by step implementation.
Step-by-step to use Visual Composer to create content for your category page
Create the content of your category page in a regular post using Visual Composer
You can navigate to Plugins->Add new and search for this term: Display Posts Shortcode and install the one as in the image below:
Step 5: Find out what theme your site is using
This step is quite simple, please go to Appearance->Themes and you will see what theme is currently active. We need to know this information for the next step.
Step 6: Create a template file for your category page
This step sounds scary for people who don’t know how to code. However, it is very simple. You need to access to your themes folder on your server to complete this step. You can access the files via cPanel or FTP or ssh. Please ask your hosting provider for those details. All hosting providers should have no problem sending you those details.
Here I use Filezilla FTP client to access my files. Please go to wp-content/themes on your sever.
In the previous step, I found out that my site is currently using the theme Blog One, I can see the folder of that theme here:
I will click inside that folder to see all the files:
Here, we pay close attention to the one file called single.php. We are going to create a template file for the category using that file.
Now, go find your category ID. The method is similar to finding post’s ID.
Go to Posts->Categories
Hover on the Edit link of your category
Look at the status bar of your browser (bottom left)
Locate the tag_ID value
And that’s your category ID.
For example, my Blog category ID is: 1
Now, copy the single.php file and name it category-1.php (if your category ID is 300, you need to create a file called category-300.php);
If you use an FTP client such as FileZilla, you need to download the single.php to your computer first, then rename the file to the new name.
Open the file with your favorite text editor. On Mac, you have Sublime text. I use Notepad++ since I’m on Windows.
Your file may be a bit different, however, it will look something like that.
Now, we need to remove the content of the file from the <?php to ?> in the image above:
Then, put the following code right at the place where you have just removed the old content:
Make sure you replace the your_draft_post_ID with the actual draft post ID you got from above.
Now, upload the file to your theme folder (sample folder with the single.php) and you are done.
Now, what you put in the draft post will appear on your category page.
One last thing, please NEVER publish the draft post.
I hope this post has been helpful. Now you can use Visual Composer to create content for your category page.